About Costa Rica
Located in Central America has an area of 51.100km2 and is a great destination for visitors. It is one of the countries with the largest protected area in the world, because 25% of the national territory consists of national parks, game reserves, land and sea as well as other wilderness areas.
It has approximately 850 species of birds, of which 600 are resident and migratory rest during the winter of America, stopping in this country and then continue their journey, usually in South America.
With regard to the geological formation is part of the country young land of America. This means to say that until the early Tertiary, Costa Rica and Panama were occupied by a large marine channel that connected the Pacific to the Caribbean Current, which constituted the whole rather a form of massive continental archipelago before. It has been argued that current Nicoya and Osa peninsulas are remnants of these first-born islands. Since the mid-Tertiary volcanic strong movements allowed the Teutonic and total lifting of the country and the emergence, over the area of the fracture known as the Nicaragua Depression, current Cordillera de Guanacaste and Central. However, it was in the Quaternary when I finish consolidating the Costa Rican territory and set the stage for the location of the first aborigines who settled in our territory. This small country is big on activities since the visitor can find the sun, beach, adventure, nature into culture, all in one place.
Costa Rica General Information
Capital: San Jose.
Country code: (506).
Boundaries: North-Nicaragua, Southeast-Panama-Pacific West and East-Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 51,100 km2.
Maximum length: 464 km, from the river to peak Burica Sapoa.
Minimum length: 119km, from Tuba to Boca del Colorado.
Maximum width: 259km from Cape St. Helena to the mouth of the Colorado River
Highest mountain: Cerro Chirripo (3.820m height above the sea).
Crater High: Poas Volcano (one of the largest craters in the world, 1 km in diameter).
National Flower: Purple Guaria.
National Tree: Guanacaste.
Climate: Tropical with two seasons per year, dry season (December-April) and rainy (rest of the year).
Administrative Divisions: 7 provinces, 81 cantons, 463 districts.
Costa Rica has a special location on the world map, as is the center of Central America. Bordered on the east and northeast by the Caribbean Sea, on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean to the southeast by Panama and Nicaragua to the North.
Human settlement in Costa Rica dates back at least 5000 BC, but large compared to pre-Hispanic civilizations in the Americas, the indigenous people of Costa Rica were not numerous, nor reached a great development.
The current constitution of November 7, 1949, defines Costa Rica as a Democratic Republic. With the abolition of the army in 1948, Costa Rica consolidated if devotion to peace and democracy, as Costa Ricans have always had. The only security forces are the Civil Guard and the Guard. Instead of spending on troops and weapons, Costa Rica has invested those resources in health and education. This decision ah made this country a peaceful and pacifist people.
Costa Rica is a tropical country with two oceans and complex geography that originates varied climatic conditions and lead to life zones ranging from tropical dry forest wastelands. Generally, temperatures range between 14 and 22 degrees Celsius. While the country has no defined seasons and climate of each region is relatively stable throughout the year, are slight changes as the days of "summer" (dry season) or "winter" (rainy season). The season "summer" is usually from December to April and the "winter" from May to November.
Spanish, although a large percentage speak English.
Costa Rica is a democratic republic with a presidential regime and a constitution is characterized by a system of checks and balances. The country's president has executive power and thus constitutes the center of political power. There are two Vice Presidents and a Cabinet of 15 people.
The president and 57 Legislative Assembly deputies are elected for 4 years. Through a reform in 1969 may be re-elected deputies in the parliament by several non-consecutive legislative periods. The same was decided to pair the president in 2003. The Judiciary of the Republic is obliged to enforce laws and administer justice. Because of this objective, the Judiciary is responsible for monitoring compliance with the Constitution and the powers being moderate conflicts.
Costa Rica has a political-administrative division into 81 cantons that have their local governments, in them, the highest authority is the mayor, who is elected for a term of 4 years by direct vote of citizens belonging to the canton. The central government has an independent institutional system, which through years ah loa provided basic services to society.
Some of these institutions are the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, the National Insurance Institute, the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social.
Costa Rica has no armed force and internal security is guaranteed by the security forces.
The country contributed to the development of democratic structures and respect for human rights. In Latin America, Costa Rica stands out because it has rights and guarantees provided to senior Costa Rican and Human Development Indices.
Health and Education
According to WHO, Costa Rica has one of the best health systems in the world, infant mortality has decreed as life expectancies increase. The Costa Rican Social Security Fund is the entity responsible for operating the various hospitals besides being responsible for disability services, old age and motherhood.
Regarding education, the country has now one of the highest literacy rates in the continent with about 94% of the population
San Jose is the capital of the Republic of Costa Rica and the head of the province of San Jose. The city is the political and economic center of the country and agglomerate over half of trade and services on this.
As deans of the country's cantons, the central canton of San Jose was founded on 7 December 1848. The village was created around 1737-1738, and is the capital since 1823. D is a city with an interesting mixture of history and modernity, although the center is almost uninhabited and becomes a crossing during the day that brings together more than a million people, creating traffic chaos and increased pollution levels.
Despite its problems, according to studies in the field of Latin America, San Jose is still one of the safest cities and less violent coughing in the region. In 2006 he was appointed Capital Iberoamericana de la Cultura.
Flora and Fauna
Costa Rica is a special refuge from life and full of natural surprises in the territory of 51.100km, which represents 0.03 percent of the planet's surface, is about 5 per tooth of global biodiversity. The vegetation varies according to altitude above the ground. In this sense we can distinguish the rainforest on the coast of northeast and south, where rainfall is more abundant, showing a growth of large trees.
The mountainous area of the Atlantic, between 800 and 1500m above the sea, the vegetation is characteristic of tropical rainforest, while the dry is dominant in the Central Plateau, where they grow fewer trees and grass instead proliferate and herbaceous plants.
In the higher regions, dominated by mixed tropical forest. With respect to Costa Rican fauna, one can say that Costa Rica is unusually large and diverse, the species that live there, and depending on the area you have the possibility to observe, Quetzales, 5 or 6 species of toucans, tapirs, deer, bears , Hormigueros, sloths, monkeys, coatis, otters, foxes, jaguars, ocelots and pumas, macaws and many other animals.
In addition to those species, wilderness areas host around 13,000 plant species more than 2,000 species of butterflies, 4,500 night, 163 of amphibians, 220 reptiles, 1,600 fish from freshwater and seawater, and 850 species of birds other.
The Costa Rican Colon is the official currency. 10,000 tickets are issued, 5,000, 2,000 y1.000 colones, and coins of 100, 50, 25, 20, 10 and 5 colons.
Foreign Currency Exchange: You can do at banks or exchange offices.
It is advisable to come to Costa Rica for U.S. dollars because the exchange rate is taken as reference is the Costa Rican colon compared to the U.S. dollar, and the commercial banks in Costa Rica only change U.S. dollars. Changing other foreign currencies like the euro is often complicated, and you have to go to the Central Bank of Costa Rica.
International credit cards: The use of cards like Master Card, Visa and Diners Club is common and is no problem in Costa Rica. In most towns have ATMs.
Tips: No need to tip in restaurants, for in the bill includes 10% service tax plus 15%. It is advisable to leave a tip of about 0.05 Euros to the buttons and cleaning staff, and between 1 and 5 euros per day and people to tour guides.
Juan Santamaría International Airport is the main airport of Costa Rica. It is located in the province of Alajuela, 18 km from the city of St. Joseph. The airport is named after Juan Santamaría Costa Rica's national hero because of his participation in the National Campaign of 1856-1857 against the filibuster William Walker.
The airport has won several awards such as: third best airport in its category and fourth best airport in America in general category.
The Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport, also known as Liberia International Airport, is one of the few international airports in Costa Rica.
The Daniel Oduber airport is located in northwestern Costa Rica, Liberia's capital of Guanacaste province. Liberia International Airport is some 217 km northwest of the capital San Jose and works mainly as a link to reach the growing number of tourists who come to enjoy great weather and great beaches of the Nicoya Peninsula . The arrival of the Liberia International Airport is the fastest way to get to places like Tamarindo, Playa Negra, Golfo de Papagayo, Mal Pais, Playa Flamingo, Playa Samara and the National Park Las Baulas.
It was named after the former president of Costa Rica (1974-1978), Daniel Oduber Quirós, who had the idea of building an airport in the region and also was a strong fighter for the expansion and development of the province of Guanacaste, the airport , which opened in 1995 with a commercial flight from Miami, Florida.
If you want to go to Costa Rica is a need for a passport must be valid for six months beyond the intended stay. The requirements are:
• Passport valid for 6 months to go
• Ticket Out
• Visa available and minimum cash availability of $ 200.
Visitors can enjoy close to appreciate varied environments ranging from tropical rain forests, cloud forests, or beautiful beaches and active volcanoes, including turbulent noise and mountain ranges. The flora and fauna are magnificent and you can get them to visit. Whatever the activity of his choice in Costa Rica may be carried out.
Sun and Beach
One of the greatest attractions of Costa Rica is the great variety of beautiful white sand beaches and crystalline waters, which are visited by thousands every year, is looking for fun and recreation sites that offer its shores to enjoy the sun and the waves to relax and escape the stresses of everyday life.
This activity can be enjoyed thanks to volcanoes, rain forests and cloud, waterfalls and rivers, allow you to taste the menu of activities including rafting, kayaking, horseback riding, bird watching, sport fishing, windsurfing, diving and surfing among others.
Thanks to the biodiversity of Costa Rica land is among the main destinations for nature throughout the world, which makes it a mecca for hundreds of tourists who love the natural treasures of ecotourism and responsible leader.
Ecotourism is tourism with minimal environmental impact. This activity produces significant income in the country that develops, which help protect important natural areas and also benefits the people, helping them reduce their dependence on other economic activities that could damage the countryside. Fortunately, Costa Rica, the birthplace of ecotourism, is also a place where this activity has reached its maximum level of achievement and success. This natural paradise has extensive experience showing its wonderful natural wealth of tens of thousands of visitors each year.
Rural Community Tourism
The rural community tourism offers the chance to close with no barriers to the essence of country life and natural areas unexplored, from the hand of farmers and excellent hosts an opportunity to participate in traditional activities and lifestyles of the local population.
The experience of rural community tourism grows from cooperatives or community associations that own private ecological reserves, or are close to areas of environmental and cultural interest. These communities offer new experiences that combine travel services, such as accommodation, excursions and crafts, with stunning natural landscapes and living culture of their locality, peasant culture, indigenous or Afro-Caribbean. This allows our guests to discover the real Costa Rica, explore tropical paradises, and benefit sharing with communities that are involved in the conversation of natural resources, have fun and relax healthy and creatively.
Meetings & Conventions
Costa Rica offers such services even when no segment has a large convention center, if you have different options in different hotels in and outside the capital for meetings, seminars and conferences and also has experienced tour operators and staff professional to meet the needs of this market to develop the program to suit you.
Centered at Puntarenas and Limon as distribution centers, the activity becomes a one-day tour where cruise ships dock our country and visitors can enjoy and see our beauty in a day's journey.
The country has specialized in hotels honeymoons that will make you spend this time in a more special. Among the options that you will find offers facilities for everyone and that they conform to the different types of budget. The alternative of a boutique hotel gives them a honeymoon with privacy. They can also choose between the beach hotels, some with an all-inclusive, or between the accommodation options that allow deep into the mountain to enjoy your stay.
It is located particularly in the Central Valley and northern Plains with traditional health care products, home health, recovery, hot springs and more.
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